The 1855 Classification of Sauternes and Barsac Wine

The 1855 Classification of Sauternes and Barsac Wine

The 1855 classification of Sauternes and Barsac wine was created at the same time as the most famous Bordeaux classification.  They were both created at the request of Napoleon III to be presented at the Exposition Universelle de Paris, an event similar to the World's Fair held today.

The classification ranked the 27 finest sweet wines from Sauternes and Barsac, which was determined by comparing the relative market value at the time.

You could make a case that most of the wines from this list no longer hold the same status today.  Many should be promoted, demoted, or declassified all together.  There are also wines like Chateau de Fargaues and Chateau Raymond Lafon, which did not make the list both merit First Growth status today.  However, there is consensus that Château d'Yquem remains in a class above all other Bordeaux sweet wines.  It continues to fetch high prices and is a highly collectible.

1855 Classification of Sauternes and Barsac

Great First Growth (Grand Premier Cru)

Château d'Yquem (Sauternes)

First Growths (Premières Crus)

Château La Tour Blanche (Sauternes)
Château Lafaurie-Peyraguey (Sauternes)
Clos Haut-Peyraguey (Sauternes)
Château de Rayne Vigneau (Sauternes)
Château Suduiraut (Sauternes)
Château Coutet (Barsac)
Château Climens (Barsac)
Château Guiraud (Sauternes)
Château Rieussec (Sauternes)
Château Rabaud-Promis (Sauternes)
Château Sigalas Rabaud (Sauternes)

Second Growths (Deuxièmes Crus)

Château de Myrat (Barsac)
Château Doisy Daëne (Barsac)
Château Doisy-Dubroca (Barsac)
Château Doisy-Védrines (Barsac)
Château d'Arche (Sauternes)
Château Filhot (Sauternes)
Château Broustet (Barsac)
Château Nairac (Barsac)
Château Caillou (Barsac)
Château Suau (Barsac)
Château de Malle (Sauternes)
Château Romer du Hayot (Sauternes)
Château Lamothe (Sauternes)